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Music by

Keith Sanford


Hope and Tears

A song about the Trail of Tears in the winter of 1838

The people of the Cherokee Nation made many concessions to keep peace with the United States, and they were viewed as one of the Five Civilized Tribes. But, a previous treaty had placed them on land in present day Georgia that turned out to be valuable farmland. So, the old treaty was nullified, and the Cherokee were moved to detention camps and then forced to march to Oklahoma. Due to harsh conditions, several thousand people died along the way.

Who Will Weep?

A lament for refugees aboard the St. Louis fleeing Germany in 1939

In 1939, the ocean liner St. Louis sailed a few miles off the coast of Florida with more than 900 Jewish refugees on board fleeing from Germany. Due to a recently enacted quota system, the United states strictly limited the number of refugees it would accept, and eventually, the ship was forced to return to Europe. Many passengers later perished in the Holocaust. (“We sang a dirge and you did not weep.”)

We Bought It

A song about the history of the Panama Canal

When talking about the Panama Canal, a famous politician said many years ago: “We bought it, we paid for it, we built it, and we intend to keep it.” Because this statement is packed with poetic punch, and because it seems to epitomize a kind of sanctimonious, self-serving claim about what defines fairness and justice, I decided that it needed to be used in a song. So, I wrote this song about the history of the Panama Canal.


The melody for this song is something I loosely adapted from the traditional pentatonic tune “Beach Spring” (albeit with a different rhythm and time signature).

For lyrics,
click here.


This is a song I wrote about seeking to learn about other people – to understand the stories of many types of people with many different hands.

For lyrics,
click here.

The remaining nine songs below are all "stat music." These are short songs that I wrote and recorded to illustrate important concepts that I use when teaching courses on statistics.

The Mean

The Standard Deviation

The d-statiatic

Variance and Covariance

The Standard Error of Estimate

The Standard Error of Measure

The Standard Error of a Statistic

The t-value


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